Southern Mongolia’s most dominant feature is the Gobi Desert, half a million square miles of wilderness containing some of the Earth’s most diverse and beautiful landscapes. The sand dunes and vast blue sky of legend are found here, as are valleys where grass grows beside ice formations that sparkle until mid-summer, and canyons and cliffs that glow orange in the evening light. Shaggy two-humped camels, Gobi bears, ibex, and gazelle are just some of the wildlife sharing this remarkable land with nomadic families living in round white gers, the traditional felt and canvas dwellings of Mongolia’s herdsmen.
Meeting these desert nomads, known for their friendliness and hospitality, is a highlight of any visit to the Gobi. In addition to the warmth of its people, the Gobi’s ancient treasures continue to draw adventurers to Mongolia’s southern provinces. Among the desert’s most famous and dramatic sights is the Flaming Cliffs, where dinosaur hunters made one of the 20th century’s most important discoveries. The glow of these red sandstone cliffs was a dramatic backdrop for the unearthing of dinosaur eggs in 1923, an event that established the Gobi as one of paleontology’s most important research destinations.
Another not-to-be-missed corner of this vast desert is Hongoryn Els, a 60-mile stretch of dunes nearly 200 meters high, dubbed the “Singing Sands” for the eerie groan of the wind through the towering drifts. Yol Valley National Park, yet another natural treasure of the south, is a deep desert valley named for the bone-eating Bearded Vulture, where frozen streams melt slowly in the desert sun
Umnugobi, Dundgobi, Dornogobi, Gobisumber aimags are in Southern Mongolia. Gobi is a main destination for tourists to visit. The Gobi desert, one of the world’s great deserts, covers much of the southern part of Mongolia. Unlike the Sahara there are few sand dunes in the Gobi; rather you’ll find large barren expenses of gravel plains and rocky outcrops. Experts considered that Mongolian gobi was a bottom of sea in ancient time. The climate here is extreme. Temperatures reach +40° C. in summer, and -40 in winter. Precipitation averages less than 100 mm per year, while some areas only get rain once every two or three years. Strong winds up to 140 km/h make travel dangerous in spring and fall. Most of people is khalkh nation. This region comprises some special protected areas such as strictly protected areas of Great gobi, Gobi Gurvan Saikhan natural conservation park, Natural reserves of Zagiin us, Ikh Nart, Ergeliin zoo /canyon/, Suikhent natural memorial.
Mongolians consider that there are 33 different Gobi, where sandy desert occupies only 3 percent of the total territory. The area is often imagined as a lifeless desert like in many other parts of the world of flora.
Mongolian gobi contains the last remaining wild Bacterian (two-humped) camels, wild ass, and a small population of Gobi bears, the only desert-inhabiting bear.. Whole Dinosaur skeletons and their many whole petrified eggs are founded in Gobi dessert of Mongolia at first time in the world. Dinosaur skeletons and their petrified eggs have been preserved here to the present day. So Mongolian gobi is one of most visited places of tourists. Also many unique cultural, historical and natural sights such as canyon of “Tsonj stone”-consists hexahedral stones like a crystal, khukhburd oasis, Khamriin khiid monastery- center of World energy, Byanzag- dinosour’s skeletons etc…